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 A Concise History of the First Outdoor Water Features

A Concise History of the First Outdoor Water Features

Water fountains were originally practical in purpose, used to bring water from rivers or springs to cities and villages, supplying the inhabitants with clean water to drink, bathe, and cook with. Gravity was the power source of water fountains up until the end of the 19th century, using the forceful power of water traveling down hill from a spring or brook to push the water through valves or other outlets. 6648_6801__33347.jpg Fountains spanning history have been crafted as memorials, impressing local citizens and travelers alike. When you see a fountain nowadays, that is not what the very first water fountains looked like. Simple stone basins crafted from local rock were the original fountains, used for religious ceremonies and drinking water. The earliest stone basins are suspected to be from around 2000 BC. The earliest civilizations that utilized fountains depended on gravity to drive water through spigots. Situated near aqueducts or creeks, the practical public water fountains provided the local population with fresh drinking water. Animals, Gods, and spectral figures dominated the very early decorative Roman fountains, starting to appear in about 6 B.C.. The Romans had an elaborate system of aqueducts that furnished the water for the many fountains that were located throughout the city.

The Grace of Simple Garden Decor: The Large Garden Fountains

Having a pond in the vicinity of your garden water fountain is no longer necessary because they can now be placed on a wall near by. Nowadays, you can do away with excavations, complicated installations and cleaning the pond. There is no plumbing necessary with this type self-contained water feature. Consistently adding water is the only requirement. Drain the water from the basin and put in clean water whenever the surrounding area is dirty.

Any number of materials can be used to build garden wall features, but stone and metal are the most practical. Identifying the style you want indicates the right material to use. Garden wall fountains come in many shapes and sizes, therefore ensure that the style you choose to purchase is hand-crafted, simple to hang and lightweight. Buying a fountain which requires minimal maintenance is important as well. The re-circulating pump and hanging hardware are usually the only parts which need additional care in most installations, although there may be some cases in which the installation is a bit more intricate. Little effort is needed to enliven your garden with these kinds of fountains.

The Genesis Of Fountains

The amazing or decorative effect of a fountain is just one of the purposes it fulfills, in addition to supplying drinking water and adding a decorative touch to your property.

The main purpose of a fountain was originally strictly functional.

Water fountains were linked to a spring or aqueduct to provide potable water as well as bathing water for cities, townships and villages. Up until the 19th century, fountains had to be more elevated and closer to a water supply, including aqueducts and reservoirs, in order to take advantage of gravity which fed the fountains. Serving as an element of adornment and celebration, fountains also provided clean, fresh drinking water. The main materials used by the Romans to create their fountains were bronze or stone masks, mostly depicting animals or heroes. To replicate the gardens of paradise, Muslim and Moorish garden planners of the Middle Ages added fountains to their designs. King Louis XIV of France wanted to illustrate his dominion over nature by including fountains in the Gardens of Versailles. Seventeen and 18 century Popes sought to laud their positions by including decorative baroque-style fountains at the point where restored Roman aqueducts arrived into the city.

Since indoor plumbing became the norm of the day for clean, drinking water, by the end of the 19th century urban fountains were no longer needed for this purpose and they became purely ornamental. The introduction of special water effects and the recycling of water were two things made possible by swapping gravity with mechanical pumps.

Decorating city parks, honoring people or events and entertaining, are some of the purposes of modern-day fountains.

Attributes of Outdoor Statues in Archaic Greece

The Archaic Greeks manufactured the first freestanding statuary, an amazing achievement as most sculptures up until then had been reliefs cut into walls and pillars. Most of the freestanding statues were of young, winsome male or female (kore) Greeks and are referred to as kouros figures. Considered by Greeks to characterize splendour, the kouroi were formed into stiff, forward facing poses with one foot outstretched, and the male statues were usually nude, well-developed, and fit. In 650 BC, life-sized variations of the kouroi began to be seen. The Archaic period was turbulent for the Greeks as they evolved into more sophisticated forms of federal government and art, and acquired more data about the peoples and cultures outside of Greece. But these disputes did not stop the growth of the Greek civilization. {

Water-raising Tool by Camillo Agrippa

Regrettably, Agrippa’s wonderful design for lifting water was not mentioned a great deal after 1588, when Andrea Bacci acclaimed it in public. Only years later, in 1592, the early contemporary Roman conduit, the Acqua Felice, was attached to the Medici’s villa, possibly making the device obsolete. Even though its glory was short lived, Camillo Agrippa’s design for lifting water was the wonder of its day, exceeding everything built in Italy since the days of early Rome. There might have been some other impressive water-related works in Renaissance landscapes in the late sixteenth century, such as water fountains that played music, water caprices (or giochi d’acqua) and even scenographic water demonstrations, but nothing was motorized by water which defied the force of gravity.