The Impact of the Norman Conquest on Anglo-Saxon Gardens
The arrival of the Normans in the 2nd half of the 11th century irreparably improved The Anglo-Saxon lifestyle. The skill of the Normans surpassed the Anglo-Saxons' in architecture and farming at the time of the conquest. But before focusing on home-life or having the occasion to consider domestic architecture or decoration, the Normans had to subjugate an entire society. Castles were more standard constructions and often erected on blustery hills, where their people devoted both time and space to exercising offense and defense, while monasteries were major stone buildings, regularly situated in the widest, most fruitful hollows. The tranquil practice of gardening was impractical in these dismal bastions. Berkeley Castle, maybe the most pristine style of the early Anglo-Norman style of architecture, still exists today. The keep is reported to have been invented during the time of William the Conqueror. A big terrace recommended for exercising and as a way to stop attackers from mining below the walls runs about the building. One of these terraces, a charming bowling green, is covered grass and flanked by an aged yew hedge cut into the form of crude battlements.
A Chronicle of Wall Fountains
The translation of hundreds of ancient Greek texts into Latin was commissioned by the learned Pope Nicholas V who ruled the Church in Rome from 1397 until 1455. He undertook the embellishment of Rome to make it into the worthy capital of the Christian world. At the behest of the Pope, the Aqua Vergine, a damaged aqueduct which had carried clean drinking water into Rome from eight miles away, was restored starting in 1453. The historical Roman custom of marking the arrival point of an aqueduct with an imposing celebratory fountain, also known as a mostra, was restored by Nicholas V. The architect Leon Battista Alberti was commissioned by the Pope to put up a wall fountain where we now find the Trevi Fountain. The water which eventually supplied the Trevi Fountain as well as the acclaimed baroque fountains in the Piazza del Popolo and Piazza Navona flowed from the modified aqueduct which he had renovated.
California's Outdoor Garden Fountain Study and Results
In February 2014, a levy on sugar-sweetened beverages was approved in Berkley, CA, making it the first city in the United States to create such a law. The purpose is to get people drinking more water and other natural beverages by increasing the price tag of soda and other sugar-sweetened drinks. First, the city conducted research to examine whether citizens had proper access to working drinking water fountains. The study utilized a GPS app to gather data on current water fountains in the city. This information was cross-referenced with demographic records on race and income acquired from the US Census Community Study database. The researchers looked to use both data sets to figure out if demographics were connected to drinking water fountain access. The testing was able to establish the demographics of areas with water fountains, also observing whether the state of the fountains was greater or worse in lower class neighborhoods.
The cleanliness of lots of fountains was found poor, even if most were operating.
Outdoor Water Fountains Recorded by History
Towns and villages relied on working water fountains to funnel water for cooking, washing, and cleaning up from local sources like lakes, streams, or springs. Gravity was the power source of water fountains up until the conclusion of the nineteenth century, using the potent power of water traveling down hill from a spring or brook to squeeze the water through valves or other outlets. Fountains all through history have been crafted as monuments, impressing local citizens and tourists alike. The contemporary fountains of today bear little resemblance to the very first water fountains. A stone basin, crafted from rock, was the first fountain, utilized for holding water for drinking and ceremonial purposes. The original stone basins are presumed to be from about 2000 BC. The spraying of water emerging from small spouts was pushed by gravity, the only power source designers had in those days. Drinking water was supplied by public fountains, long before fountains became decorative public statues, as beautiful as they are practical. The people of Rome began creating decorative fountains in 6 B.C., most of which were bronze or natural stone masks of animals and mythological representations. The people of Rome had an intricate system of aqueducts that furnished the water for the countless fountains that were located throughout the urban center.
What Are Wall fountains Created From?
Though they come in alternative materials, contemporary garden fountains tend to be made of metal. Metallic fountains, with their clean lines and sculptural accents, come in in a range of metals and can accommodate any style or budget. If you have a modern look and feel to your interior design, your yard and garden should reflect that same look.
Presently, copper is very prevalent for sculptural garden fountains. Copper is used in cascade and tabletop water fountains as well as various other styles, making it versatile enough for inside and outside fountains. Another benefit of copper fountains is they are versatile and come in a wide assortment of styles.
If you are drawn to more conventional -looking water fountains, brass is probably for you. Though not the most stylish, the creatures and sculptural features you find on fountains are commonly made of brass, thus making them very popular.
Most consumers today see stainless steel as the most modern option. Adding a modern-looking steel design will immediately add value to your garden and improve the overall mood. Like other water features, they come in an array of sizes.
Because it is both lighter and cheaper than metal but has a comparable look, fiberglass is quite common for fountains. Keeping a fiberglass water fountain clean and working well is quite simple, another aspect consumers love.