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 The Earliest Documented Outdoor Garden Fountains of Human History

The Earliest Documented Outdoor Garden Fountains of Human History

Water fountains were initially practical in function, used to deliver water from rivers or springs to cities and villages, providing the residents with fresh water to drink, wash, and prepare food with. The force of gravity was the power source of water fountains up until the conclusion of the 19th century, using the potent power of water traveling down hill from a spring or creek to force the water through valves or other outlets. twf034-ld__87434.jpg The elegance and spectacle of fountains make them perfect for traditional memorials. If you saw the 1st fountains, you would not recognize them as fountains. Uncomplicated stone basins crafted from local stone were the original fountains, used for spiritual functions and drinking water. The initial stone basins are presumed to be from about 2000 B.C.. The force of gravity was the power source that operated the earliest water fountains. The location of the fountains was determined by the water source, which is why you’ll commonly find them along aqueducts, waterways, or streams. Fountains with ornate decoration began to show up in Rome in about 6 B.C., normally gods and animals, made with natural stone or bronze. The people of Rome had an intricate system of aqueducts that furnished the water for the countless fountains that were placed throughout the city.

The Original Water Fountain Manufacturers

Commonly working as architects, sculptors, artists, engineers and cultivated scholars, all in one, fountain creators were multi-talented people from the 16th to the late 18th century. Leonardo da Vinci, a Renaissance artist, was renowned as an inspired intellect, inventor and scientific master. The forces of nature led him to investigate the qualities and motion of water, and due to his curiosity, he methodically captured his ideas in his now renowned notebooks. Converting private villa settings into imaginative water exhibits packed of symbolic significance and natural beauty, early Italian water fountain engineers combined creativity with hydraulic and horticultural abilities. The humanist Pirro Ligorio supplied the vision behind the wonders in Tivoli and was distinguished for his skill in archeology, architecture and garden concepts.

Other fountain developers, masterminding the fantastic water marbles, water functions and water humor for the various mansions in the vicinity of Florence, were tried and tested in humanist subjects and traditional scientific readings.

The Defining Characteristics of Ancient Greek Statuary

Archaic Greeks were renowned for providing the first freestanding statuary; up until then, most carvings were constructed out of walls and pillars as reliefs. Most of the freestanding statues were of young, winsome male or female (kore) Greeks and are termed kouros figures. The kouroi were believed by the Greeks to typify beauty and were sculpted with one foot leading and an uncompromising firmness to their forward-facing poses; the male statues were always strapping, sinewy, and unclothed. In 650 BC, life-sized variations of the kouroi began to be seen. The Archaic period was tumultuous for the Greeks as they progressed into more refined forms of federal government and art, and obtained more data about the peoples and societies outside of Greece. But these disputes did not prohibit the growth of the Greek civilization. {

Agrippa’s Intriguing Water-lifting Appliance

The admiration Agrippa’s water-lifting invention received from Andrea Bacci in 1588 was temporal. It may be that the Acqua Felice, the second of Rome’s earliest modern conduits made the device obsolete when it was hooked up to the Villa Medici in 1592. Its usage might have been limited but Camillo Agrippa’s innovation occupied a large place in history as the most remarkable water-lifting hardware of its kind in Italy prior to the contemporary era. There may have been some other remarkable water-related works in Renaissance landscapes in the later part of the sixteenth century, such as fountains which played music, water caprices (or giochi d’acqua) and even scenographic water exhibits, but nothing was powered by water that defied gravity.

The Source of Modern Day Wall Fountains

Pope Nicholas V, himself a well educated man, governed the Roman Catholic Church from 1397 to 1455 during which time he commissioned many translations of old classic Greek documents into Latin. It was important for him to beautify the city of Rome to make it worthy of being called the capital of the Christian world. In 1453 the Pope instigated the rebuilding of the Aqua Vergine, an historic Roman aqueduct which had carried fresh drinking water into the city from eight miles away. Building a mostra, a grandiose commemorative fountain built by ancient Romans to memorialize the entry point of an aqueduct, was a custom revived by Nicholas V. The Trevi Fountain now occupies the space previously filled with a wall fountain crafted by Leon Battista Albert, an architect employed by the Pope. The water which eventually supplied the Trevi Fountain as well as the acclaimed baroque fountains in the Piazza del Popolo and Piazza Navona flowed from the modified aqueduct which he had renovated.