Where did Fountains Originate from?
A water fountain is an architectural piece that pours water into a basin or jets it high into the air in order to supply drinking water, as well as for decorative purposes.
From the beginning, outdoor fountains were simply meant to serve as functional elements. People in cities, towns and villages received their drinking water, as well as water to bathe and wash, from aqueducts or springs in the area. Until the late nineteenth, century most water fountains operated using gravity to allow water to flow or jet into the air, therefore, they needed a source of water such as a reservoir or aqueduct located higher than the fountain. Fountains were an excellent source of water, and also served to decorate living areas and celebrate the designer. The main materials used by the Romans to create their fountains were bronze or stone masks, mostly illustrating animals or heroes. Muslims and Moorish garden designers of the Middle Ages included fountains to re-create smaller versions of the gardens of paradise. The fountains seen in the Gardens of Versailles were meant to show the power over nature held by King Louis XIV of France. The Romans of the 17th and 18th centuries created baroque decorative fountains to glorify the Popes who commissioned them as well as to mark the spot where the restored Roman aqueducts entered the city.
Since indoor plumbing became the norm of the day for fresh, drinking water, by the end of the 19th century urban fountains were no longer needed for this purpose and they became purely ornamental. Gravity was replaced by mechanical pumps in order to permit fountains to bring in clean water and allow for beautiful water displays.
Modern-day fountains function mostly as decoration for community spaces, to honor individuals or events, and compliment entertainment and recreational activities.
The Attraction of Simple Garden Decor: The Garden Wall Fountain
Since garden water fountains are no longer hooked on a nearby pond, it is possible to install them close to a wall. Due to the various options available, it no longer necessary to deal with excavations, difficult installations or cleaning the pond.
Due to the fact that this feature is self-contained, no plumbing is necessary. Frequently adding water is the only necessity. Remove the water from the bowl and place clear water in its place when you see that the area is grimy.
Stone and metal are most prevalent elements employed to construct garden wall fountains even though they can be manufactured from other materials as well. You need to know the look you are shooting for in order to decide on the best material. It is best to look for exterior wall fountains which are easy to install, hand-crafted and lightweight. The fountain you choose must be simple to maintain as well. Even though installing certain fountains can be hard, the majority take little effort because the only parts which demand special care are the re-circulating pump and the equipment to hang them. It is very easy to liven up your garden with these types of fountains.
Anglo-Saxon Gardens at the Time of the Norman Conquest
The Anglo-Saxon way of life was significantly changed by the arrival of the Normans in the later eleventh century. At the time of the conquest, the Normans surpassed the Anglo-Saxons in building design and cultivation. But before centering on home-life or having the occasion to think about domestic architecture or decoration, the Normans had to subjugate an entire society. Because of this, castles were cruder constructions than monasteries: Monasteries were usually significant stone buildings located in the biggest and most fecund valleys, while castles were constructed on windy crests where their inhabitants devoted time and space to tasks for offense and defense. The barren fortresses did not provide for the calm avocation of horticulture. Berkeley Castle, potentially the most unspoiled model of the early Anglo-Norman style of architecture, still exists today. The keep is reported to have been created during the time of William the Conqueror. A monumental terrace serves as a discouraging factor to intruders who would attempt to mine the walls of the building. One of these terraces, a charming bowling green, is covered grass and flanked by an aged yew hedge trimmed into the form of crude battlements.
The Many Types of Exterior Fountains
Have you ever considered turning your garden into an oasis of serenity? The calming feeling created by outdoor fountains is just one of the benefits of including a water feature in your garden.
The stream of water sent shooting into the air by a spouting fountain is an spectacular sight to see. It is doable to have one of these installed into an existing, ample pond. You can find these in public recreational areas or old mansions.
Wall fountains are an perfect example of outdoor wall features. These types of fountains make for a great addition to your yard even if it is small. While spouting fountains produce an impressive effect, wall fountains are more understated water features. In this straightforward process, water is ejected from a little spout, goes down a beautifully textured wall, before being collected at the bottom and returned to the top once again.
Your garden’s style dictates whether a themed fountain is right for you. A cherub grasping a spout is one of the possible types of classical-styled statues you can use if you want your fountain to fit a rustically themed cottage or garden. Something unique and striking could be an alternative for more modern gardens. Feel free to let your hair down and choose something interesting and audacious.
The main trait of tiered fountains is the multiple levels spewing out water. Water moves down numerous tiers in a cascading fountain.
The space needed for an outdoor fountain can be considerable, therefore, a better alternative is to install a wall fountain or a pondless fountain. The reservoirs required for these kinds of fountains are concealed underground which helps you better use your limited space.
Include a Japanese fountain if you are looking for a sense of relaxation. Bamboo sticks are used in this sort of fountain to expel the water. A rustic bucket or shaped stone is positioned at the bottom of this feature to collect the flowing water only to have the pattern repeated over and over again.
Another type of fountain is made of glass. A more vintage look is provided by trellis-style fountains which feature shaped metalwork. However, this type of water feature is better suited to gardens with many sharp corners as well as modern-day forms and design. A magnificent effect is produced when water runs down the sheets of glass. In some instances, the water is colored by LED lights as it flows over the glass sheets. A rock waterfall fountain (often made of imitation rock) showcases water slowly flowing down its façade.
The characteristic which distinguishes a bubbling rock fountain is a large rock drilled with holes where pipes can be inserted into its center. Low pressure is used to push up the water which then bubbles and gurgles at the top. Water then flows as a gentle trickle down the sides of the rock to its base. This is yet another solution for gardens with limited space. The low pressure used in this sort of fountain inhibits water from being spattered about in case of a windy day.
Solar fountains have recently gained in appeal because they are powered by the sun. The lack of cables, the decreased difficulty in managing them, the lower energy bills, and the benefits to our ecosystem are just some of the motives for this increased interest. Outdoor solar-powered fountains are available in myriad different styles, therefore, you will not have to settle on which one to buy.
Outdoor Garden Fountains And Their Use In Ancient Minoa
Archaeological excavations in Minoan Crete in Greece have revealed some types of conduits. These were utilized to provide towns and cities with water as well as to lessen flooding and get rid of waste. The chief ingredients employed were rock or terracotta. There were clay pipelines, both circular and rectangular as well as canals made from the same elements. The cone-like and U-shaped terracotta pipes which were uncovered have not been detected in any other civilization. Terracotta pipelines were installed below the floors at Knossos Palace and used to circulate water. The pipelines also had other uses such as collecting water and directing it to a main area for storage. These clay piping were used to perform: Underground Water Transportation: This system’s unseen nature may suggest that it was actually manufactured for some sort of ritual or to distribute water to limited groups. Quality Water Transportation: Considering the proof, a number of historians advocate that these pipelines were not hooked up to the prevalent water allocation process, supplying the residence with water from a different source.