Gian Lorenzo Bernini's Garden Fountains
There are numerous famous water fountains in Rome’s city center. Gian Lorenzo Bernini, one of the most brilliant sculptors and artists of the 17th century designed, created and constructed nearly all of them. He was furthermore a urban architect, in addition to his skills as a water fountain developer, and traces of his life's work are evident throughout the avenues of Rome. Bernini's father, a renowned Florentine sculptor, guided his young son, and they eventually moved in Rome, to thoroughly exhibit their artwork in the form of public water fountains and water fountains. An exceptional worker, Bernin earned praise and the patronage of popes and well known painters. At first he was well known for his sculpting skills. He made use of his knowledge and melded it gracefully with Roman marble, most notably in the Vatican. Though he was influenced by many, Michelangelo had the most serious impact on him, both personally and professionally.
The Effect of the Norman Invasion on Anglo Saxon Garden Design
The introduction of the Normans in the second half of the eleventh century irreparably altered The Anglo-Saxon lifestyle. The Normans were much better than the Anglo-Saxons at architecture and horticulture when they came into power. But nevertheless home life, household architecture, and decoration were out of the question until the Normans taken over the entire population. Monasteries and castles served separate functions, so while monasteries were large stone structures constructed in only the most fruitful, wide dales, castles were set upon blustery knolls where the people focused on understanding offensive and defensive tactics. The tranquil practice of gardening was unrealistic in these dreary bastions. The early Anglo-Norman style of architecture is depicted in Berkeley Castle, which is perhaps the most untouched example we have. The keep is thought to date from the time of William the Conqueror. An enormous terrace encompasses the building, serving as an obstruction to attackers attempting to excavate under the castle walls.
A picturesque bowling green, covered in grass and bordered by battlements cut out of an ancient yew hedge, creates one of the terraces.
The Many Kinds of Wall Water Fountains
Putting a wall fountain in your yard or patio is perfect when you want to unwind. You can have one made to fit your requirements even if you have a minimum amount of space. Both the stand alone and mounted types must have a spout, a water basin, internal tubing, and a pump. There are any number of different varieties available on the market including traditional, fashionable, classical, or Asian.
Normally quite large, freestanding wall fountains, also referred to as floor fountains, have their basins on the ground.
On the other hand, a water feature attached to a wall can be incorporated onto an existing wall or built into a new wall. Incorporating this type of water feature into your landscape adds a cohesiveness to the look you want to achieve rather than making it seem as if the fountain was merely added later.
California's Outdoor Fountains Research and Results
Berkley, CA citizens voted for a sugar-sweetened beverages tax in February 2014, the earliest of its kind in the United States. By taxing sugary drinks, the city hopes to inspire more people to go with healthier options, such as water. Research was executed to find out the status of local drinking water fountains and whether people from other racial or economic backgrounds had less access to them. By creating a mobile GPS application, specialists were able to get data on Berkley’s drinking water fountains. Demographic data on race and earnings was then gathered using the US Census database. The two data sets were compared to figure out what class differences, if any, there were in access to running water fountains. The testing was able to identify the demographics of areas with water fountains, also observing whether the shape of the fountains was greater or inferior in lower class neighborhoods. The fact that the fountains were operating was not a guarantee that they were well-maintained, as quite a few were in need of maintenance and repair.
The Many Styles of Exterior Fountains
Have you ever considered converting your garden into a haven of serenity? Incorporating a fountain into your garden provides tranquility as well as a variety of beneficial effects that come with having a water feature.
The stream of water sent shooting into the air by a spouting fountain is an impressive sight to see. It is doable to have one of these installed into an existing, large pond. You may have encountered one of these in a park or an old estate.
Wall fountains are an great example of outdoor wall features. These types of water features make for a great addition to your yard even if it is small. While spouting fountains leave behind an impressive effect, wall fountains are rather understated water features. In a very simple procedure, the water flows out of a spout, trickles down a magnificently textured wall only to be pumped back to the top.
Dependent on the look you have chosen for the garden, you could think about a themed fountain. A cherub grasping a spout is one of the possible kinds of classical-styled statues you can use if you want your fountain to suit a rustically themed cottage or garden. think about including something bolder and unique for a contemporary garden. Feel free to let your hair down and choose something interesting and intrepid.
Water spills down several levels in a tiered fountain. Due to the water running down its multiple levels, these are also called cascading fountains.
Since external fountains occupy a great deal of space, consider putting in a wall fountain or a pondless fountain. These types of fountains are suitable for an area with limited space because their reservoirs are concealed underground.
Add a Japanese fountain if you are looking for a sense of peace. In this type of water feature the water flows through bamboo sticks. A rustic bucket or shaped stone is situated at the bottom of this feature to collect the flowing water only to have the cycle repeated over and over again.
Glass fountains make up another category of fountain. Trellis-style fountains of this sort, highlight molded metalwork which provides a more conventional look. Water features of this type are a perfect alternative for gardens with many sharp edges as well as contemporary forms and design. The water produces a stunning effect when it streams down the surface of the glass. Colored LED lights are also included in some fountains to illuminate the water as it progresses down the sheet of glass. With water softly streaming down its surface, rock waterfall fountains, often made of fake rock, are a viable option for your garden.
In a bubbling rock fountain, a big rock is drilled with holes and then filled in the center with tubes. The bubbling and gurgling at the uppermost part of this type of fountain are brought on by the water being thrust upward at low pressure. Water then flows as a delicate trickle down the sides of the rock to its base. Gardens with little space are good places to include this style of fountain. Water is moved at low pressure in this type of fountain, so you can rest assured that it will not spray all over should the wind pick up.
Solar driven fountains have become more fashionable recently since they run on sunlight. The reasons for this are varied, from the absence of wires and the reduced complexities to the lower power bills and the beneficial impact on our environment. The numerous designs in outdoor solar-run fountains means you will not have to compromise on style.