The Impact of the Norman Conquest on Anglo Saxon Landscaping
Anglo-Saxons felt great adjustments to their daily lives in the latter half of the eleventh century due to the accession of the Normans. At the time of the conquest, the Normans surpassed the Anglo-Saxons in building design and cultivation. But there was no time for home life, domestic design, and adornment until the Normans had conquered the whole realm. Because of this, castles were cruder buildings than monasteries: Monasteries were often important stone buildings set in the biggest and most fertile valleys, while castles were erected on windy crests where their residents devoted time and space to tasks for offense and defense. Relaxing activities such as gardening were out of place in these destitute citadels. The purest example of the early Anglo-Norman style of architecture existent in modern times is Berkeley Castle. The keep is thought to date from the time of William the Conqueror. A big terrace recommended for exercising and as a means to stop enemies from mining below the walls runs about the building. On 1 of these terraces lies a charming bowling green: it's coated in grass and flanked by an old yew hedge that is created into the shape of rough ramparts.
Free Drinking Fountains in Berkley, Ca
The first example of a soda tax in the USA came in February 2014, when it was approved by the city of Berkley, California. The aim is to get men and women drinking more water and other natural drinks by elevating the price of soda and other sugar-sweetened drinks. First, the city conducted an analysis to examine whether people had proper access to functioning drinking water fountains. The study utilized a GPS app to collect data on current water fountains in the city. The US Census Community Study database was chosen to accumulate information pertaining to race and economic status in these locations. Comparisons were made amongst the location and demographic data, uncovering whether class differences affected access to clean, functional water fountains. The surrounding demographics of each water fountain location was made note of, while also determining whether race or income rates made a huge difference in the state of repair of each individual fountain. While the bulk of the fountains were in working order, an astonishing quantity were found to be in a bad state of repairs.
The Use of Backyard Fountains As Water Elements
A water feature is one which is a big element through which water flows. The variety of items available run the gamut from uncomplicated suspended wall fountains to elaborate courtyard tiered fountains. Known for their versatility, they can be used either inside or outdoors. Pools and ponds are also considered water elements.
Living areas such as extensive yards, yoga studios, relaxing verandas, apartment balconies, or office settings are great areas to add a water feature such as a garden wall fountain.
The soothing sounds of flowing water from a fountain please the senses of sight and hearing of anyone closeby. With their visibly pleasing shape you can also use them to enhance the style in your home or other living space. Gently moving water not only leads to a feeling of peace, it also masks irksome noises and produces an enchanting water show.
Landscape Elegance: Garden Fountains
Having a pond in the vicinity of your garden water fountain is no longer required because they can now be situated on a wall near by. Excavating, installing and cleaning a nearby pond are no longer a necessity. Plumbing is no longer necessary since this feature in now self-sufficient. Adding water on a consistent} basis is necessary, however. Your pond should always have clean water, so be sure to drain the basin anytime it gets grimy.
Stone and metal are most prevalent elements employed to construct garden wall fountains even though they can be made of other materials as well. The most suitable material for your water feature depends entirely on the style you choose. The best designs for your outdoor wall fountain are those which are hand-crafted, easy to put up and not too big to hang. Moreover, be certain to buy a fountain which necessitates minimal upkeep. The re-circulating pump and hanging hardware are normally the only parts which need extra care in most installations, although there may be some cases in which the installation is a bit more complex.
You can relax knowing your garden can be easily juiced up by installing this type of fountain.
The Origins Of Fountains
The dramatic or ornamental effect of a fountain is just one of the purposes it fulfills, as well as supplying drinking water and adding a decorative touch to your property.
From the onset, outdoor fountains were simply meant to serve as functional elements. People in cities, towns and villages received their drinking water, as well as water to bathe and wash, from aqueducts or springs in the area. Up until the nineteenth, fountains had to be more elevated and closer to a water supply, including aqueducts and reservoirs, in order to benefit from gravity which fed the fountains. Artists thought of fountains as wonderful additions to a living space, however, the fountains also served to supply clean water and celebrate the artist responsible for creating it. Animals or heroes made of bronze or stone masks were often utilized by Romans to beautify their fountains. During the Middle Ages, Muslim and Moorish garden designers included fountains in their designs to mimic the gardens of paradise. The fountains seen in the Gardens of Versailles were intended to show the power over nature held by King Louis XIV of France. The Popes of the 17th and 18th centuries were glorified with baroque style fountains constructed to mark the place of entry of Roman aqueducts.
Urban fountains built at the end of the 19th century functioned only as decorative and celebratory adornments since indoor plumbing provided the essential drinking water. The introduction of unique water effects and the recycling of water were 2 things made possible by swapping gravity with mechanical pumps.
Nowadays, fountains adorn public spaces and are used to recognize individuals or events and fill recreational and entertainment needs.