How Mechanical Concepts of Fountains Spread
Spreading practical hydraulic knowledge and water fountain design ideas all through Europe was accomplished with the written documents and illustrated books of the time. A globally celebrated leader in hydraulics in the late 1500's was a French fountain designer, whose name has been lost to history. His experience in making gardens and grottoes with built-in and brilliant water features began in Italy and with commissions in Brussels, London and Germany. In France, near the closure of his life, he wrote “The Principle of Moving Forces”, a publication that became the fundamental text on hydraulic technology and engineering. Describing contemporary hydraulic technologies, the book also updated key hydraulic developments of classical antiquity. As a mechanical way to push water, Archimedes made the water screw, chief among important hydraulic breakthroughs. Sunlight heating water in two containers hidden in a room next to an beautiful water fountain was shown in one illustration. The hot liquid expands and subsequently ascends and closes the water pipes consequently activating the water feature. Garden ponds as well as pumps, water wheels, and water feature styles are included in the book.
California's Outdoor Garden Fountain Research and Results
The first American city to pass a tax on sugary drinks was Berkley, California in February 2014. By taxing sugary drinks, the city hopes to encourage more people to choose healthier choices, such as water. First, the city conducted research to evaluate whether people had easy access to functioning drinking water fountains. By creating a mobile GPS application, specialists were able to gather data on Berkley’s drinking water fountains. This information was cross-referenced with demographic information on race and income acquired from the US Census Community Study database. Evaluations were made between the location and demographic data, disclosing whether class differences affected availability to clean, working water fountains. The analysis was able to determine the demographics of areas with water fountains, also observing whether the condition of the fountains was better or worse in lower class neighborhoods. Some of the water fountains were dirty or blocked, regardless of the fact that most fountains worked.
The Positive Benefits of Adding a garden fountain in Your Living Space
A good way to enhance the appearance of your outdoor living area is to add a wall water feature or an exterior garden fountain to your landscaping or garden design. Many modern designers and craftsmen have been influenced by historical fountains and water features. As such, integrating one of these to your interior is a superb way to connect it to the past. The water and moisture garden fountains release into the atmosphere draws birds and other creatures, and also balances the ecosystem, all of which contribute to the benefits of including one of these beautiful water features. Birds drawn to a fountain or bird bath often frighten off irritating flying pests, for instance.
The area necessary for a cascading or spouting fountain is substantial, so a wall fountain is the perfect size for a small yard.
There are two types of fountains to choose from including the freestanding version with a flat back and an attached basin set up against a fence or a wall in your yard, or the wall-mounted, self-contained version which is suspended directly on a wall. Both a fountain mask located on the existing wall as well as a basin located at the bottom to collect the water are necessary if you wish to add a fountain. Since the plumbing and masonry work is extensive to complete this type of job, you should hire a professional to do it rather than attempt to do it alone.
Taking Care Of Wall Water Fountains
An important first step before installing any outdoor wall fountain is to think about the space you have available. A solid wall is definitely necessary to hold up its overall weight. Therefore for smaller areas or walls, a more lightweight fountain is going to be more suitable. In order for the fountain to have electrical power, a nearby electrical socket is needed. There are many different models of fountains, each with their own set of simple, step-by-step instructions.
The typical outdoor wall fountain is available in an easy-to-use kit that comes with everything you need and more to properly install it. In the kit you will find all the needed essentials: a submersible pump, hoses and basin, or reservoir. Depending on its size, the basin can normally be hidden quite easily amongst the plants. Since outdoor wall fountains need little maintenance, the only thing left to do is clean it consistently.
Replace the water regularly so it is always clean. It is important to promptly get rid of debris such as leaves, twigs or other dreck. Safeguarding your outdoor wall fountain from the cold winter climate is vital. In order to avoid any damage, such as cracking, from freezing water during the cold winter season, relocate your pump indoors. Simply put, your outdoor fountain will be around for many years with the proper care and maintenance.
The Function of Hydrostatics In The Design Of Outside Garden Fountains
All liquids in a state of equilibrium exert energy on the materials it comes in contact with. The force applied falls into one of two categories: external force or hydrostatic energy. The liquid applies the same amount of force to the numerous spots that it comes in contact with, provided that the surface is level. When an subject is entirely submerged in a liquid, vertical force is applied to the object at each and every point. This applied force is known as buoyancy, while the notion itself is known as Archimedes’ principle. When hydrostatic force is applied on an area of liquid, this will become hydrostatic pressure. Examples of these containers can be uncovered in the manner in which a city disperses water, along with its fountains and artesian wells.